The Cenacle, also known as the Hall of the Last Supper or the Upper Room, is the site at which Jesus held the Last Supper with his disciples in the days leading up to his arrest and crucifixion. It is located on Mount Zion just outside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem.
In Christian tradition, according to Acts 1:13, the Cenacle was not only the site of the Last Supper, but also the site where the Apostles regularly stayed in Jerusalem and it is regarded as the site of the first Christian Church.
The Cenacle is thus considered the site where many well-known Biblical events took place, including the washing of the feet, the gathering of disciples after the ascension, the election of Matthias as an apostle (who replaced Judas Iscariot), and the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the disciples on Pentecost.
Although the room has undergone multiple periods of de- and re-construction, it has been acknowledged as a Christian pilgrimage site since the 4th century. The original building the room is in was used as a synagogue which survived the Roman Emperor Titus’ destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. The Cenacle is the only room in the building complex that has been spared numerous times from complete destruction. During Ottoman rule in the 16th century, the room was converted into a mosque, as evidenced by the mihrab in the direction of Mecca.
The structures found around the Upper Room are remnants of a time when the building was used as a Franciscan Friary.
The site is open for visitation from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. daily.